The year wasÂ 1968Â and the SummerÂ Olympics (or theÂ Games of the XIX Olympiad, as they were officially called!) were held inÂ MexicoÂ City, Mexico. The Mexican Olympics were notable for many things: they were the first Games hosted by a Latin American nation, they were the first Games to feature a woman torch-bearer lighting the Olympic flame…they were the Olympics where more world records were broken than in any other prior Olympiad and they were the Olympics where two African-AmericanÂ athletesÂ took a stand forÂ human rightsÂ by infamously raising theirÂ black-gloved fists.
But perhaps one of my favorite things about that Olympics? The innovative (and crazy excellent) graphic design system created to celebrate these Games. The bar had been set high by Tokyo in 1964, and the Mexican Olympic committee wanted to make a similar splash! Take a look at this:
Pedro Ramirez VÃ¡zquez, Chairman of the Organizing Committee and an important Mexican architect, took the lead on the design committee and eventually selected Lance Wyman as head graphic designer (USA) as well as Eduardo TerrazasÂ (Mexico) as the lead on Urban Design.
Sketches and color explorations from inside Lance Wyman’s studio:
“As I recall there were only two mandatory requirements; that we use the official five ring Olympic symbol to identify the games, and that we use three languagesâ€”Spanish, English and Frenchâ€”for all written communication.Â The Mexico 1968 logotype,Â which was based on traditional forms from Mexican culture as well as being Sixties pp-art kinetic typography, set the tone for the entire graphics system. It was designed by integrating the official five ring Olympic symbol into the number “68” to create a parallel line typography that suggested imagery found in Mexican pre-Hispanic art and folk art. The logotype powerfully expressed a sense of place and culture and visually exclaimed the Games were in Mexico.” Â â€” Lance WymanÂ fromÂ The Olympic Image: The first 100 Years, Compiled & Edited by Wei Yew Â Â© 1996
I just love everything about this look. That lettering is terrific and it’s so cleverâ€”combining traditional Mexican imagery with 1960s op-art. No wonder these graphics are so legendary.
The designers also created a simple but bold and colorful icon system to help code all the various events.
“Colour and Mexico are synonymous. We used bright colour to code the sport events, the motor routes, the entry tickets, and the seating sections in the venues. We applied colour liberally to postage stamps, publication mastheads, souvenirs, and stadium plazas. Colour helped transform the 1968 Summer Olympic Games into a Mexican fiesta!” â€”Lance Wyman
The amazing thing was how the logo and graphic system were integrated into every visual aspectÂ of the ’68 Games, from tickets to events, to stamps, postcards, signs, programs,Â even clothing!
I just love it….it’s still as fresh and modern today as it was back then, don’t you agree?
I have to say I love the Olympics and I’m SO excited for the Sochi Games coming up next month. Last time the Winter Olympics rolled around, Wolfie and I were loving watching Shawn White and the snowboarders, Apollo Ohno and the speedskaters….and of course, my childhood favorite, the figure skating competition! Which events are you looking forward to most??